8th INFANTRY DIVISION - Red Diamond
Activated 1 Jul 1940 • Entered Combat 8 Jul 1944 Normandy • Days of Combat 266• Casualties 13,986
Maj. Gen. Philip B. Peyton (Jun 40 - Dec 40)
Maj. Gen. James P. Marley (Dec 40 - Feb 41)
Maj. Gen. William E. Shedd (Feb 41 - Feb 41)
Maj. Gen. Henry Terrell, Jr. (Mar 41 - Mar 41)
Maj. Gen. James P. Marley (Apr 41 - Jul 42)
Maj. Gen. Paul E. Peabody (Aug 42 - Jan 43)
Maj. Gen. William C. McMahon (Feb 43 - Jul 44)
Maj. Gen. Donald A. Stroh (Jul 44 - Dec 44)
Maj. Gen. William G. Weaver (Dec 44 - Feb 45)
Maj. Gen. Bryant E. Moore (Feb 45 - Nov 45)
Campaign Route Map
After training in Ireland the 8th Infantry Division landed on Utah Beach, Normandy, 4 July 1944, and entered combat on the 7th. Fighting through the hedgerows, it crossed the Ay River, 26 July, pushed through Rennes, 8 August, and attacked Brest in September. The Crozon Peninsula was cleared, 19 September, and the Division drove across France to Luxembourg, moved to the Hurtgen Forest, 20 November, cleared Hurtgen on the 28th and Brandenburg, 3 December, and pushed on to the Roer. That river was crossed on 23 February 1945, Duren taken on the 25th and the Erft Canal crossed on the 28th. The 8th reached the Rhine near Rodenkirchen, 7 March, and maintained positions along the river near Koln. On 6 April the Division attacked northwest to aid in the destruction of enemy forces in the Ruhr Pocket, and by the 17th had completed its mission. After security duty, the Division, under operational control of the British Second Army, drove across the Elbe, 1 May, and penetrated to Schwerin when the war in Europe ended.
Date Activated is the date the division was activated or inducted into federal service (national guard units).
Casualties are number of killed, wounded in action, captured, and missing.
The dates after the campaign name are the dates of the campaign not of the division.
The Army Almanac: A Book of Facts Concerning the Army of the United States; , U.S. Government Printing Office. Army Battle Casualties and Nonbattle Deaths in World War II, Final Report, 1 December 1941 - 31 December 1946. US Army Center of Military History at http://www.history.army.mil/ Various divisional histories